The 1950s witnessed the absolute most theatre that is significant music artists in Latin America. In Mexico, the instructor Roberto Lago (1903-1995), co-founder regarding the Teatro Guignol which operated involving the end for the 1940s plus the mid 1950s, created the Grupo El Nahual with Lola Cueto (1897-1978). Lago proved outstanding impact perhaps not just in his nation but additionally in Venezuela. Apart from their research focus on the origins of Mexican puppetry, he had been among the great dramaturges of childrenвЂ™s theater. Their magazine, Los Angeles Hoja del titiritero independiente (The Independent Puppeteer Newspaper) ended up being a benchmark and brought numerous Latin American and puppeteers that are worldwide contact. Mexico ended up being one of several countries that distinguished it self making use of puppetry for literary campaigns where the character of Don Ferruco, produced by Gilberto Ramirez Alvarado, played an essential role.
The Argentines ManГ© Bernardo (1913-1991) and Sarah Bianchi (1922-2010) were also fundamental to your advertising of puppetry arts in Latin America, travelling to the absolute most regions that are remote Argentina as well as other nations. Functions developed by ManГ© Bernardo are very respected and examined in universities while her pupil and buddy Sarah BianchiвЂ™s work to the remains a reference for many puppeteers day.
The itinerant tradition is mainly represented by Javier VillafaГ±e (1909-1996), whom travelled the complete sub-continent along with his cart, adding to the introduction of puppetry arts through their programs, seminars and workshops, particularly in Uruguay, Venezuela and Chile. He additionally left a crucial repertoire, along with his Los Angeles Calle de los Fantasmas (the road of Ghosts) happens to be frequently done for quite some time by a number of troupes.
Other Argentines вЂ“ Juan Enrique AcuГ±a (1915-1988), and also the brothers HГ©ctor and Eduardo Di Mauro вЂ“ additionally played roles that are important disseminating puppetry, in specific in Venezuela and Costa Rica.
In central countries that are americanHonduras, Guatemala and particularly the Dominican Republic), puppet theatre catered to children and was nurtured in schools.
The Modern Scene
A big wide range of troupes presently in presence were produced into the 1970s. These groups have now come together in the search for a specific aesthetic language beyond the varied techniques of manipulation after years of experimentation. In reality, throughout the 1990s puppet theatre gained energy across Latin America. Along with glove that is traditional, other techniques вЂ“ rod puppetry, string puppetry, shadow theater, black colored (light) theater, blended practices, visible manipulation, item theater, tabletop puppetry вЂ“ are now explored. Actors, items, puppets, dance and music intermingle in present trends in European countries plus the united states of america. Another method fashionable is вЂњlas cajas misteriosasвЂќ (mysterious containers) where in actuality the spectator views a quick performance through a peephole. The pioneers in this domain are Mariana Frare in Rosario, Argentina, MГіnica SimГµes in Brazil, therefore the BaГєl Teatro in Monterrey, Mexico. New businesses of puppeteer-storytellers, like Las Mentirosas in Mexico and ZaguГЎn in Chile, have actually revisited and integrated inside their work traditions that are ancient Guatemala and Honduras called perras.
Puppetry normally used to a higher degree in the area of treatment, for the treating psychiatric problems, muscular infection or bone tissue infection, and it is especially practised in Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil and Chile (see Society and Puppets вЂ“ Social Applications of Puppetry).
In addition to festivals, an amount of museums are helping popularize puppet that is local. In Argentina, the Museo Argentino del TГtere is made in Buenos Aires by ManГ© Bernardo and Sarah Bianchi. Meanwhile, another museum was made in Los Angeles Plata by Moneo Sanz. The Museu Giramundo created at Belo Horizonte in 2001, and the Museum of Popular/Folk Art, Museu Casa do Pontal, situated in the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, there are the Museu do Mamulengo. The Museo-Teatro La Casa de los TГteres de BaГєl Teatro in Monterrey, the Museo Rafael Coronel at Zacatecas, and the Museo del TГtere de QuerГ©taro (Puppet Museum of the State of QuerГ©taro) in Mexico, there are the Museo Nacional del TГtere вЂ“ Huamantla. In Uruguay, the Museo Vivo del TГtere (residing Museum of Puppetry) are available in Maldonado. La DignificaciГіn del Teatro de MuГ±ecos (FAMADIT) in Chile, there is the travelling exhibits of the FundaciГіn para. Venezuela has got the personal TГteres Artesanales del Mundo (Puppet Craft World) owned by Norma R. Bracho. Forum and web web internet sites are increasingly being dedicated to puppetry, specially in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico.
The art of puppetry in Latin America is alive and well with no hint of disappearing snapsext anytime soon in whatever form.